Now showing items 1-10 of 178
Screening for tuberculosis in pregnancy: do we need more than a symptom screen? Experience from western Kenya
(University of Nairobi, 2013)
Objectives: 1) To explore the utility of tuberculosis (TB) symptom screening for symptoms of ? 2 weeks’ duration in a routine setting, and 2) to compare differences in TB diagnosis between human immunodeficiency ...
Detection of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in heel prick blood on filter paper from children born to HIV-1-seropositive mothers
(University of Nairobi, 1994)
Objective: To study the impact of maternal human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection on pregnancy outcome. Methods: Between January 1989 and December 1991, 406 HIV-1-seropositive and 407 HIV-1-seronegative ...
Changes in sexual risk taking with antiretroviral treatment: influence of context and gender norms in Mombasa, Kenya
(University of Nairobi, 2009-11)
In-depth interviews were conducted with 23 sexually-active adults receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) in Mombasa Kenya to understand changes in sexual behaviour after treatment initiation and factors influencing condom ...
HIV/Std: The Women To Blame? Knowledge And Attitudes Among Std Clinic Attendees In The Second Decade Of HIV/AIDS
(University of Nairobi, 1999-08-10)
We aimed to determine the knowledge and attitudes towards HIV/STDs among women attending an STD clinic by interviewing 520 randomly selected women. Nearly all had heard of HIV/AIDS/STDs, with posters, pamphlets and the ...
Increased risk of HIV in women experiencing physical partner violence in Nairobi, Kenya.
As part of a study on etiology of sexually transmitted infections (STI) among 520 women presenting at the STI clinic in Nairobi, data on partner violence and its correlates were analyzed. Prevalence of lifetime physical ...
Implementation of clinic-based modified-directly observed therapy (m-DOT) for ART; experiences in Mombasa, Kenya
(University of Nairobi, 2010-02)
The effectiveness of modified-directly observed therapy (m-DOT), an adherence support intervention adapted from TB DOTS programmes, has been documented. Describing the implementation process and acceptability of this ...
Opportunity for prevention of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in Kenyan youth: results of a population-based survey
(University of Nairobi, 2002-12)
Backround:Data from sentinel serosurveillance are useful to estimate HIV infection in populations but may not be representative of the general population. General population-based surveys attempt to avoid selection bias ...
Knowledge and Practice about cervical cancer and papsmear testing among patients at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya
Invasive cervical cancer (ICC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in developing countries. Population-based cytologic screening and early treatment does reduce morbidity and mortality associated with ...
Postpartum counselling of HIV infected women and their subsequent reproductive behaviour
(University of Nairobi, 1993)
Mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1: report from the Nairobi Study
Mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is a significant problem in countries with endemic HIV-1 infection. Between 1986 and 1991, 365 children of HIV-1-infected mothers and 363 control ...